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Of course, in practice one should avoid reading an entire file at once if the file is large and the task can be accomplished incrementally instead in which case check File IO ; this is for those cases where having the entire file is actually what is wanted. The "slurp" word will read the entire contents of the file into memory, as-is, and give a "buffer". Directories to first ask for the file size and then Ada. On Linux you can use the command " limit stacksize M " to increase the available stack for your processes to 1Gb, which gives your program more freedom to use the stack for allocating objects.
Mapping the whole file into the address space of your process and then overlaying the file with a String object. Character encodings and their handling are not really specified in Ada. What Ada does specify is three different character types and corresponding string types:. The book can contain new page s and new line s, are not of any particular character set, hence are system independent.
The character set is set by a call to make conv , eg make conv tape, ebcdic conv ; - c. Once a "book" has been read into a book array it can still be associated with a virtual file and again be accessed with standard file routines such as readf , printf , putf , getf , new line etc. This means data can be directly manipulated from a array cached in "core" using transput stdio routines.
While the language certainly doesn't support strings in the traditional sense, relaxing the definition to mean any contiguous sequence of null-terminated bytes permits a reasonable facsimile.
This cat program eschews the simpler byte-by-byte approach ,[. It is not possible to specify encodings: Memory map on Windows. In practice, it would be necessary to check for errors, and to take care of large files. Also, this example is using a view on the whole file, but it's possible to create a smaller view. The core function slurp does the trick; you can specify an encoding as an optional second argument:.
This works with text files, but fails with binary files that contain NUL characters. CMake truncates the string at the first NUL character, and there is no way to detect this truncation. The only way to read binary files is to use the HEX keyword to convert the entire file to a hexadecimal string. The macro with-open-file could be passed: To get a string from a file, you need to explicitly decode the binary blob that is read.
Currently only UTF-8 is supported by vu. Two solutions in the FileReader namespace. File returns a tuple: Errors can be caught and turned into error strings via Erlang's: If an existing buffer is visiting the file, perhaps yet unsaved, it may be helpful to take its contents instead of re-reading the file.
Euphoria cannot natively handle multibyte character encodings. It may have been implemented by now. Reading the entire source file in memory, then printing it. Here is a solution using the Windows API to create a memory map of a file. It is used to print the source code of the program on the console.
The encoding can be specified if necessary. This code goes beyond simply specifying the file to open. It includes a dialog window that allows the user to select a text file to read. Depending on system memory, as many as 4. The file contents are placed in a convenient console window with automatic save as, copy and paste, select all and undo commands. Of course, the programmer is free to code his own window and menu options.
Go has good support for working with strings as UTF-8, but there is no requirement that strings be UTF-8 and in fact they can hold arbitrary data.
ReadFile returns the contents of the file unaltered as a byte array. The conversion in the next line from byte array to string also makes no changes to the data.
In the example below sv will have an exact copy of the data in the file, without regard to encoding. Go also supports memory mapped files on OSes with a mmap syscall e. The following prints the contents of "file". The included "build constraint" prevents this from being compiled on architectures known to lack syscall.
Mmap , another source file with the opposite build constraint could use ioutil. Note that readFile is lazy. If you want to ensure the entire file is read in at once, before any other IO actions are run, try:.
The first code snippet below reads from stdin directly into the string fs, preserving line separators if any and reading in large chunks. The second code snippet below performs the same operation using an intermediate list fL and applying a function e.
FUNC to each line. Use this form when you need to perform additional string functions such as 'trim' or 'map' on each line. This avoids unnecessary garbage collections which will occur with larger files. The list can be discarded when done. Line separators are mapped into newlines. File access is sandboxed by the interpreter, so this solution essentially requires that the file have been previously written by an Inform program running from the same location under the same interpreter.
There is no single method to do this in Java 6 and below probably because reading an entire file at once could fill up your memory quickly , so to do this you could simply append the contents as you read them into a buffer. One can memory-map the file in Java, but there's little to gain if one is to create a String out of the file:. Java 7 added java. Files which has two methods for accomplishing this task: In practice, this is probably not very useful.
It would be more typical to collect the raw lines into an array of JSON strings. The built-in function readall reads into a string assuming UTF8 encoding , or you can also read into an array of bytes:.
You can download it, then drag-and-drop it onto the LabVIEW block diagram from a file browser, and it will appear as runnable, editable code. By default, string objects, which are always Unicode, are created with the assumption that the file contains UTF-8 encoded data. When reading the data as a bytes object, the unaltered file data is returned. An approximation to file reading can be had by include which reads a file as M4 input.
If it's inside a define then the input is captured as a definition. But this is extremely limited since any macro names, parens, commas, quote characters etc in the file will expand and upset the capture. This is from the GNU Make manual. This might be acceptable for files which are a list of words anyway. This maximum size is available with the variable Sys.
On 32 bit machines this size is about 16Mo. To load bigger files several solutions exist, for example create a structure that contains several strings where the contents of the file can be split.
Or another solution that is often used is to use a bigarray of chars instead of a string:. Then the length of the data can be get with Bigarray. Streams are opened on demand and closed when the script finishes.
It is possible if you wish to open and close the streams explicitly. FileContents is a list of bytes. The operation does not assume any particular encoding. The GP interpreter's ability to read files is extremely limited; reading an entire file is almost all that it can do.
They can be concatenated to make a single string. Since readstr returns strings without newlines there's no way to tell whether the last line had a newline or not. This is fine for its intended use on text files, but not good for reading binary files. See TStrignList example of Delphi.
For a one-liner from shell, use -0[code]. However, has special meaning: Map has the advantage of not requiring an explicit munmap. Its tie is faster than the tie form of Sys:: Using ' till ' is the shortest way:.
With explicit selection of encoding:. However, both return an array of strings which is fine for pipeline use but if a single string is desired the array needs to be joined:. Since PureBasic terminates strings with a NULL and also split the ReadString is encountering new line chars, any file containing these must be treated as a data stream. This function accepts a file FolderItem object and an optional TextEncoding class. Since it is intended for cross-platform development, REALbasic has a number of built-in tools for working with different text encodings, line terminators, etc.
To open an arbitrary path which might start with " " , you must use File. Reading an entire file as a string, can be achieved with the FileHandle. After the association, each reference to the named variable provides as the variable's value the next block or line of data from the corresponding file.